The torque shoulder allows for easy make-up on the rig while providing higher drilling torques than API Buttress by directly transmitting torsional forces exerted on the connection during drilling operations. The delta torque in the connection also enhances fatigue resistance of the connection by preloading the shoulder.
Steel Tubular Products are available through authorized distributors. See our complete U. Steel Tubular Products. All rights reserved. About Us Our specialized design. Contact Us. A premium connection derives its primary pressure sealing capabilities by the use of at least one metal-to-metal seal. This design makes the connection stronger, and higher torques can be achieved whilst a gas tight connection is assured.
These connections will typically be made up with the use of a torque turn computer in order to plot the make-up graphs. Depending of the type of connection, some customers would prefer to run without computers to obtain certain running speeds.
Typically, API-connections will not generate a proper make up graph. You will be able to monitor the torque however, despite no clear evidence of an integral make up. Selecting the correct tong for the job is critical. Do we choose computers or torque gauges? The type of tubular being run should determine the monitoring system, and selection of the system should be agreed with the client prior to commencing the job. This is extremely important for obtaining good make up graphs. Make sure you use the correct thread compound, and prevent contamination.
Evenly distribute the compound onto the tubular threads in accordance with the manufacturers running guidelines. Programming the computer with the correct parameters is key to success. If you get the parameters wrong, it could have disastrous consequences to the integrity of the connections being made up.
The correct parameters are vital for the rest of the operation. Make sure you get them right from the start. In order to understand a make-up graph, we have to understand the geometry and properties of the connection we are making up.
A Torque Turn Specialist will be able to distinguish three different characters in a graph: thread interference, thread and seal interference and shoulder torque with a clearly identified stop-shoulder point.
Carefully observe the delta turns applied onto the shoulder to determine any plastic deformation or yielding. Any tubular make up that is doubtful should be broken out, inspected and laid down if rejected. Even though the make up torque and turn can be considered a small piece in the casing puzzle, it requires a deep understanding of the gear and the process of casing running.
The clear message is that the craft is based on knowledge and experience. Considering all the factors that must be looked into and mastered to correctly apply make up torque and turn, there is never an alternative to hiring an experienced crew of TRS experts to run your casing.
Topics: Casing Running , Casing Preparation. By: Robert Koendering. Odfjell Technology is an international well service company, providing world class TRS, rental and well intervention services worldwide. All rights reserved.
It can be set above the production zone or run through it. The main function is to isolate production zone from the other formation such as water bearing sands. This type of casing is also used as a conduit for production tubing. Contrarily to the other types of casing strings which are hanged at the surface, the liners are suspended inside the previous casing string by the liner hangers. The liner hangers consisted of slips which can be activated hydraulically or mechanically.
Slips grip inside the previous string in order to support the weight of the liner. In some cases, a casing of the same diameter can be run above the liner and connect it to the top of it which lead to extend the liner to the surface. The additional casing string is called tie-back string. The tie-back string is run to protect the previous casing from pressures which can occur when starting production. If the liner is used to isolate the troublesome zones is called drilling liner rather than intermediate casing.
Once the casing size and setting depth are selected, the loads which are exerted on the casing string will be calculated. According to these loads the casing properties are selected. Casing is classified in terms of outer diameter or size, weight, grade and the type of the connection. The size of the casing or also called the outer diameter of the casing joint varies from 4.
The string which has less than 4. The casing sizes are limited to standard sizes which can be available in the market. The casing joint is characterized by the casing weight which is given as weight per foot. The API has designed and limited the internal diameter of a casing joint, but this diameter can vary slightly when manufacturing the joint of casing. A minimum guaranteed internal diameter is called drift diameter which is important when planning for further operations ex: the drilling bit which will be run to drill the next section has to be less than the drift diameter.
The most common range is range 2, but it is impossible to manufacture the joint of casing in a precise length, so it is important to measure each joint of casing when receiving the casing on rig site, and record the total length on tally sheet. The measure is taken from the top of the joint to the end of the pin.
There are shorter joints called pup joints which are used to adjust casing when running in the hole. During casing manufacturing process; a variety of treatment processes can be performed; and according to the process which is applied on the steel, the joint of casing take its physical properties. The API has classified the casing in '' grades ".
Each grade is represented by a letter and a number. The letter is for the chemical composition and the number is for the minimum yield strength. The casing joints are connected together using a threaded connection. These threaded connections are classified as: API, gas-tight, metal to metal seal and premium. In the case of API, the joints of casing are threaded externally at each end, and then the joints are connected by couplings which are internally threaded.
At the rig site, the casing is delivered with installed couplings. The standard types of threads are:. The API connections are not the only types of threads, there are other manufacturers which deliver different threads like: Hydril, vallourec and Mannesman. The connections are designed to contain high level of gas pressure.
For better sealing performance when running a casing string, some practices are followed on the rig site:. The casing string has to be pressure tested before drilling the next section for pressure integrity. For casing design, there are three main loads which have to be considered:. Many scenarios have to be imagined to design the casing in realistic way for risk assessment, integrity and also for costing.
The yield strength is defined as tensile stress which produces the 0. This value varies according to the steel alloy used to make the casing joint. Couplings have also their yield strength which can be higher or lower than the main body yield strength. The manufacturer supplies data for both: main body and the coupling. It is defined as the maximum external force which crushes the casing. This can happens when the pressure behind the casing is higher than the pressure inside the casing.
The external pressure tends to crush the joint of casing inwards. The collapse pressure can differ according to the situation. Designing for an empty casing, getting fluid influx, or movable salt which can flow toward the casing gives different collapse pressures. For this reason it is important to consider any situation which can be faced during operations. It is tested that the cementing improves the collapse resistance of casing. Cementing in many cases is important for well integrity. Getting voids between formation and casing can allow for example to salt to move freely toward the casing and collapse it.
The casing can rupture when internal pressure is higher than the external pressure. The resultant pressure tends to deform the joint of casing outwards. The burst pressure is higher if gas comes from high pressurized formation. If the gas is allowed to migrate to surface in a closed well, the pressure will be higher because gas cannot expend and the pressure will not decrease which adds more hydrostatic pressure.
It was fine when our bitcoin, Jan , was only worth 7, or so, haha. If you want to explore the possibility of a civil suit against Bernard and the Torque Team to recoup loses, PM John in the channel with your name, email and how much you lost. The more of us there are, the better chance we have. Please do this ASAP. Dive deep into your networks to see if anyone in there can help us — journalists, private investigators, lawyers, social media gurus with large followings, etc.
We want to leverage as many skills and areas of expertise as possible. If you have large social media followings or expertise and in that domain, let us know — we want to come up with a strategy to try to make what Torque did go viral. It will probably make sense to create an active working group around this. Thank you all so much for being involved in these efforts. Torque is counting on us not coming together and standing up to them. They are wrong and we can show them just how wrong they were to steal from us.
It only takes one path of action to work. I would not trust any investment platforms again. Nobody had any witch hunt like they did with Bitconnect. This is a classic trust creation tactic. You see that it pays, you add more and more funds to get bigger payouts, until one day you lose all, before earning back what you invested.
The payouts can stop overnight! They either pack and run, or they will stop paying and start finding excuses one after another. Now calculate, how does this Torque platform generate funds to pay out for all those MLM referrals? Concerning your side-note, this is debatable, Bitconnect was blacklisted, but its end perfectly aligns with the downturn of cryptomarkets. In my opinion they ran out of money as a classic Ponzi scheme.
But it does not really matter, it was doomed to collapse and it did. Well, vip 9 status is btc being traded in a month. If they are making losses then they will run out of money very quickly. But they are still operational. Have you checked this James? Whats your opinion about that?
Thank your for your kind words. Well at least give me your opinion about the info that i gave you? Or check out the live trades out yourself and then give me feedback as i havent invested in this company but im about to since everything looks good. I tried to have a look at it, but the registration process requires me to give them my phone number, which I will never do.
I also notice that they changed their website, there no longer is a presentation with the impossible promises and their non-existing cryptocurrency TORQ. Which confirms my initial findings, they are just trying to regroup to look more legit. If you do huge volumes on an exchange, which I still have no proof about with Torquebot, you can do wash trading and this sort of things to just inflate volumes and not be really trading for profits or losses.
On YouTube you have videos with their alleged results and there is not a single losing day in months, which really is impossible in legit trading. Can that be why they have only profitable days? James pinion, super good at making baseless acquisitions…. James Pinion is a scam and writes misleading content to mislead people. Heck he didnt finish high school diploma and only have primary school education, and to believe someone to put an article together, what a joke.
Looks and feels like a scam in every way so I agree with James. Based on what they say they have a fool proof method for generating positive returns every day. That is not possible with just your one coin due to trading fees.
Why is the whole thing is set up MLM style? The only reason you would structure your company that way is to rip off people at the end despite many people receiving their interest. James is right the torque token has no trade volume or clarity check out coin gecko and is different from the likes of Celsius where they actually pay out of actual income.
I believe many of the positive reviews on the internet are actually from the company itself. They also have spelling errors on their site and their android app has bugs. Stay away. And the internal coin is used in their ecosystem. Buy merchandise in the Torque mall.
Book flights, rent a car, or get a hotel room using Torque coins. If they are truly a ponzi they would have allowed just everybody to join the platform. If they are truly a ponzi, they would not restrict China or US from using the platform. PONZI is about bringing in more people, right? You guys know what happens when you commit a crime in SIngapore, right? They adhere to financial regulation? Quite the opposite, they are not registered nor licensed anywhere, Torquebot is illegal in every country.
I strongly recommend to everybody who is considering Torquebot to contact their national financial regulator and ask them about Torquebot to get the confirmation that it is an illegal investment service. You make statements based on your own opinions.
Have you actually fell victim to this so called scam or are you talking out of your ass? This site itself smells like a scam. Or setup a zoom meeting with Bernard Ong. Ask all the questions you want. Ask for some proofs. Come on bro, you can do better than that. Without proof? How can I prove that something does not exist? The cryptocurrency TORQ does not exist in a public form, it is not traded anywhere.
Prove me wrong. The thing is that legit cryptocurrencies are decentralized and open, they run on public blockchains that can bee seen and verified by anyone on the internet. So show me the TORQ blockchain, the transactions and everything. Can you please tell me what is my project? Because I am not aware of any project that would be mine.
Would be cool, though, to have one. Just changed my mind opening a Torque wallet. Had enough of scams. People keep defending scams that are even doomed by regulators. Burned my fingers 3x in one month. Not investing when there is even a remote chance of a scam. These other scams came highly recommended and some people made lots of money, but others lost lots of money and lost their entire life savings.
They were running for good time periods, just to lure more people. Second, I am just saying that if you are interested in legit financial trading, you can get a free demo with a regulated company and try it. I do not promise nor offer anything. Pretty sad. I hope nobody got burnt.. I just received a letter from torque purporting a steep drop in value of my holdings.. Hope it is not true.. Yeah I saw the letter.
I had quite a bit in there. Only time will tell if its a legitimate loss or these guys are scammers. Stay strong. It is increasingly apparent that it was a scam from the start. How could it be that crypto are generally rising yet they purport to make a big loss?!? I have 6 digits value in it…. I tryed to get may capital out 3 days ago and instead got a letter from CEO stating that withdraws are not possible due to great loses..!
I managed to withdraw all from the personal wallet. Trading wallet forget about mate. Torque coin probably gone as well. The absurdly high number of comments bashing this post is itself a red flag. Obviously the ones running the scams came in here to do damage control. Well, the scam has been proven, well done to the author. My buddy lost 10 eth recently in February because of the scam. Torque ceo must be making new accounts and writing these comments.
Its a SCAM. My friend lost 10 eth i told him not to use it!! They already ran off with the money. Now everything is gone now and you wont be able to find them. Hope you all learnt a lesson. Your email address will not be published.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Table of Contents. Trading system 0. Mobile app 3. Real returns 0. Pros Cryptocurrencies. Please share this review to help warn other people. Comments Is luno safe and legit. Do you have a link? I agree with you Aidan, this clown is just trying to bash others to get people in his program. Are you able to withdraw your funds now? Oh really? No cure for stupidity. Care to elaborate?
Go talk to the ceo yourself. He will answer all your questions. I have no questions. Making money in a scam is nothing to brag about. Like a baby. You are nothing but a second great trying hard messy blogger. Whatever that means, thank you for your opinion. James, you were right. You called it perfectly. Hello all! This is an action item list we came up with on the Zoom call last night — please commit to doing these within the next week in order to keep up pressure and momentum, and, in the case of 2, ASAP 1.
Torque has vip 9 status at binance. What do you say about that James? My opinion is that I stand by my review. Do you have a link to that video please? Arbitrage is not scalable. Thank you for your kind comment.
Threading process /2”/8” BTC, LTC, STC Recommended Make-up Torque 8-Round - Thread Casing. Tension, lbs. Torque, ft-lbs. Pipe Body. General Practices for Field Make-up, API Roundand BUTTRESS Threads (without After making upseveral connections in this manner the observedtorque should. 2. API or Premium connections? A premium connection derives its primary pressure sealing capabilities by the use of at least one metal-to-.